Nowadays, being able to handle the English language more than being a luxury has become a real necessity, especially since it is the most widely spoken language in the world as a second language, the best opportunities for employment and job projection are reduced for people who can communicate in that language. It is for this reason that in this opportunity we bring you everything related to the days of the week in English, how they are written, how they are pronounced, the origin of their names in English and much more.
What do you need to know about the days of the week in English?
It’s no secret that the issue of correct English pronunciation is now costing foreign-language speakers a great deal. However, you should keep in mind that a good way to start improving your English pronunciation is by reviewing simple to complex topics.
In this sense, the most important thing is to progressively assimilate the pronunciation of English until it comes naturally to us, and not to pronounce it as it would be in our native language. A good way is to start with topics such as numbers in English, the alphabet in English, hours in English and days of the week in English.
This is because learning these simple topics will allow us to keep moving forward to the more complicated topics. Besides that, it is a knowledge that an English speaker puts into practice every day, so it must be handled perfectly.
It is worth noting that although the topic of the days of the week in English may seem quite simple, there are errors in pronunciation that can be noticed even in advanced students, that is why this article will not only deal with everything about writing the so-called “days of the week”, but will also teach you everything about their correct pronunciation.
Days of the week in English
Before knowing each of the days that make up the week in English, it is good to know that many calendars usually begins on Sunday, while many others usually begin on Monday. About this, we have to say that it is a question of criteria and it is something irrelevant.
Etymology of the days of the week in English
When learning English vocabulary we have to exploit all the options that can help us, since the most complicated part of learning a language is undoubtedly its vocabulary, since the rules and grammatical rules will be learned progressively, since they are much less than all the words that can exist in English.
In the case of the days of the week in English, a factor that can help us greatly to memorize them is the fact of knowing their respective etymology. For those who have some doubt, the etymology of a word refers to its origin, or its true meaning, taking into account that in Greek etymós means true, and logos means word, expression, so I can see it as the true meaning of a word.
In the case of English, the name that has been assigned to each day of the week comes directly from Latin. The same were assigned taking as a reference7 stars of the sky, among them a natural satellite as is the case of the moon.
Monday (Moon) Tuesday (Mars) Wednesday (Mercury) Thursday (Jupiter) Friday (Venus) Saturday (Saturn) Sunday ( Sun, day of the sun).
First on Monday, which in English is Monday, which in Old English was Monandaeg. Its name can be understood as “Day of the Moon”. His name is based on the translation of what in Latin was understood as “dies lunae”. Then, for the Germanic culture, the moon is represented by the deity Mani, that is how his name was born “.
As we have already mentioned, Tuesday is called Tuesday. Its name is understood as “day of Tiw” in substitution of Latin (Dies Martis) which was a god of mythology that used to be associated with war and combat. He is the Latin equivalent of the God of War, Mars, or Ares, as he was known to the Greeks.
Wednesday is called Wednesday. It was formerly known in Old English as -Wódnesdae. Its name can be understood as “Day of Woden,” referring to the god Woden, who is also known as Odim by some northern Germanic people. He is the perfect equivalent of the god Mercury for the Romans or Hermes for the Greeks. It should be noted that these three mythologies or cultures were known as that deity who was responsible for guiding the souls after death.
Thursday is called Thursday. Its name can be understood as “Day of Thor”, that is to say, “the day of Thor”, who is the equivalent comes to be the equivalent god to Jupiter in Latin mythology, since beyond his strength and dominion he represents the deity that has control over thunder, besides being superior to the other gods. His name in English is a translation of what in Latin was known as “ten jovis” (day of Jupiter) which later became Thor’s day and finally became Thursday.
Friday is called “Friday”. Its name is usually understood as “Day of Fridge” which is, the day of Frigg, also known as Freyja. She is known as the goddess of beauty and love in Nordic mythology, being the equivalent of what in Latin was known as the “dies Veneris” i.e. day of Venus, who was the goddess of love for the Romans, and known as Aphrodite by the Greeks.
As we have already mentioned, Saturday is called in English Saturday. Its name can be understood as “Day of Saturn”, that is, the day of Saturn, or as it was understood in Latin “Dies Saturni”. It should be noted that contrary to what we have been observing on the other days of the week, this one takes its name directly from Roman mythology. So what started out as “Dies Saturni” and then became known as Saturn’s day, ended up becoming Saturday.
As in the case of Saturday, or Saturday, something similar happens with Sunday in English. This is because Sunday in English is Sunday. Its name can be understood as “Day of the Sun”, which means day of the sun, so we can conclude that it keeps the same Latin name but in its English equivalent. This is how what in Latin was “Dies Solis” became in English “Sun Day” to end up being “Sunday”.
In conclusion, we have that the days of the week in English receive their names from the most important gods of Germanic mythology, with the exception of Saturday and Sunday which follow the Latin denominations in the English equivalent.
Preposition used to refer to the days of the week
Now that we know perfectly the days of the week in English, we must also know the correct prepositions of time that accompanies them when we construct a prayer. This is how we have to use the preposition “on” to refer to the “Day of the week”. To make it a little clearer, let’s look at the following examples:
He plays baseball on Friday
She’s leaving on Tuesday
My father will arrive on Wednesday
My mother will cook pizza on Saturday
My sister must go to the doctor on Thursday
On Sunday we will go to the cinema
Now, contrary to what we have just seen, when we want to refer to a time of day, the correct way is to use the preposition “at”. Let’s see some examples so that we can better understand what we want to explain.
What are you doing on Saturday at 6 pm?
I’ll see you on Friday at 8 o’clock?
Can you come to my office on Monday at 8 a.m.?
The game will start at 9 p.m
Please note that when we are going to use the expression “weekend” there is a dialectal difference according to whether it is English spoken in the United States of America or British English. In this sense, we have that the preposition “at” is usually implemented in this case by British English, while in American English it is usual to use the preposition “on”. Let’s look at the following example to make it clear:
In the case of the English language, we must remember that the English were not so much influenced by the Roman gods but by the Germanic gods who are usually seen as their respective equivalents. All of these are accompanied by the ending -day to accentuate their weekday nature.
(BRITISH ENGLISH) What are you doing at the weekend?
(ENGLISH AMERICAN) What are you doing for the weekend?
To conclude on this point of the correct prepositions you should know that in the case of a time of day you usually use the preposition “in”.
We will go to the market in the afternoon
We will go to my grandparents’ house in the morning.
We go to bed at night (As you can see in this example, for the case of the night, the preposition “at” is used, that is to say, “at night”.
Rules for writing days well in English
Basically, they are very few, as we have seen throughout this article, the days of the week in English do not present great difficulty. However, here are a few rules to follow when writing the “Day of the week”.
In English, it is the fact that whenever we are going to write the days of the week in English we must write the first letter in capital letters. If we do it the same way as in our language we would be making a spelling mistake. So always keep in mind that the first letter is capitalized as if it were a proper name.
Another thing to keep in mind is that the name of every day of the week in English ends with -day, which means day. Taking all this into account, you only need to put into practice daily the knowledge we have brought you here, so that little by little you become more familiar with this language to the point that you can speak it in a quite natural way.
In the case of children who are taught the days of the week in English, it is advisable to use very interactive content such as videos and songs so that they can learn this knowledge in an easier and more didactic way. Here is a good video that you can use to start the “days of the week”.